Sustainable Agriculture & Rural Development
Sustainable agriculture can be understood as an ecosystem approach to agriculture using principles of ecology, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment. It is “an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will last over the long term”.
Rural development generally refers to the process of improving the quality of life and economic well-being of people living in relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas. Rural development has traditionally centered on the exploitation of land-intensive natural resources such as agriculture and forestry. However, changes in global production networks and increased urbanization have changed the character of rural areas. Increasingly tourism, niche manufacturers, and recreation have replaced resource extraction and agriculture as dominant economic drivers.